Trädgårdsodlingens branschstruktur 2014
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The Swedish horticultural industry is complex and consists of holdings with a variety of orientations and challenges. Just like agriculture in general, the horticultural business has experienced dramatic changes during the past few years, including a decreasing number of operators. In the horticultural sector however, the changes have proceeded in a faster and more dramatic fashion.
In order to create an overview of the structure and status of the Swedish horticultural sector, this report describes the composition and and development of this industry during the period 2002–2014, with respect to among other things the number of holdings, their size, employment, specialisation and crop type.
The Swedish horticultural businesses can hardly be considered an isolated part of agriculture. In 2014, 60 % of the horticultural holdings also carried out other agricultural operations, such as animal husbandry or cereal production. The holdings running both agri- and horticultural operations were farming almost twice as much arable land as an average Swedish agricultural holding.
The number of horticultural holdings decreased by 29 % during the period 2002–2014. The decrease was equally distributed between greenhouse and open ground holdings, while cultivators of ornamental plants decreased more than cultivators of edible plants. For both open ground- and greenhouse holdings, the decreased number of holdings is evenly distributed among size classes except for the very largest and the very smallest holdings, which exhibited increased or equal numbers in 2002 and 2014. The development of the horticultural industry appears to depend on many factors, including localisation, crop type, form of cultivation and specialisation.