Statens Jordbruksverk
Sveriges officiella statistik - Statistiska meddelanden
Skörd av spannmål, ärter, oljeväxter, potatis och slåttervall 2003

JO 16 SM 0401

 

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In English

Summary
List of tables
List of terms

Summary

This report provides final data for the year 2003 for yield per hectare and total production of cereal crops, peas, oilseed crops, potatoes and temporary grasses. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden.

The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kg, total production in metric tons and crop areas. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare and total production.

Cereals, peas and oilseed crops

Total production of cereal crops for the whole country is estimated at 5 352 000 tons. This is almost equivalent to the average for the previous five years. Low yields of winter-sown crops were compensated for by an increase of areas of cereals by almost three per cent.

The total production of winter wheat is estimated at 2 049 000 tons. This is equivalent to about 38 per cent of the total production of cereal crops. Compared to 2002 the total production of winter wheat increased by eleven per cent.

Total production of peas is estimated at 79 000 tons, which is about six per cent higher than the previous year.

The 2003 harvest of rape and turnip rape is estimated at about 130 000 tons. Compared to 2002, this is a reduction by almost 20 per cent. The total production of oil flax is estimated at 6 900 tons.

Since 1998, statistics on crop yields for cereals, peas and oilseed crops have been based entirely on an interview survey. The sample of the 2003 survey consists of 4 350 farmers. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tons of the crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at the farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics has been calculated from final data on usage of arable land. The figures on areas are mainly based on data from the Swedish administrative database for agricultural subsidies, IACS. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.

Potatoes

The results are presented for table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch. For the whole country, the yield per hectare for table potatoes is esti­mated at 25 580 kg and the total production is estimated at 561 000 tons. The total production continues to decrease. The corresponding figures for potatoes for processing of starch are 34 380 kg and 296 000 tons, respectively.

The results for 2003 are based on a mail survey with a sample of 1 238 holdings for table potatoes and a sample of 190 holdings for potatoes for processing starch. The areas are based on statistics from IACS.

The tables 15 and 16 show the number of observations, the total and reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tons. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in table 24. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes for table potatoes. The reduction for potatoes for processing of starch is made only for blighted potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values, derived from the objective potato surveys conducted until 1998. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare. The unharvested area 2003 was estimated at 1.5 per cent for table potatoes and 0.3 per cent for potatoes for processing of starch, a little lower than previous years.

Since 1960, Statistics Sweden has produced statistics for potatoes using an objective method based on probability sampling and physical measurements with samples taken from the fields. The method was changed 1999 to mail enquiries to a sample of farmers. Due to the changes, all comparisons between years should be made with great caution.

Temporary grasses

The total production of temporary grasses is estimated at 3 826 400 tons and the yield per hectare at 5 010 kg per hectare, at 16.5 per cent moisture content. The results are presented in tables 17-20.

Between 1993-2001 there have been no official Swedish statistics for yields from temporary grasses. Starting 2002, a mail enquiry with follow-up by telephone is performed yearly. The results for 2003 are based on a sample of 1 000 holdings.

The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage, and includes re-growth. It does not cover temporary grazings or re-growth from temporary grasses which is grazed.

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. Winter wheat. Harvest in 2003

2. Spring wheat. Harvest in 2003

3. Winter rye. Harvest in 2003

4. Winter barley. Harvest in 2003

5. Spring barley. Harvest in 2003

6. Oats. Harvest in 2003

7. Triticale. Harvest in 2003

8. Mixed grain. Harvest in 2003

9. Peas. Harvest in 2003

10. Winter rape. Harvest in 2003

11. Spring rape. Harvest in 2003

12. Winter turnip rape. Harvest in 2003

13. Spring turnip rape. Harvest in 2003

14. Oil flax. Harvest in 2003

15. Table potatoes in 2003

16. Potatoes for processing of starch in 2003

17. Temporary grasses. First cut in 2003

18. Temporary grasses. Regrowth and total production in 2003

19. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2003, hectares

20. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2003, per cent

21. Cereals. Area not harvested in 2003

22. Peas, winter rape and spring rape. Area not harvested in 2003

23. Spring turnip rape, rape/turnip rape and oil flax. Area not harvested in 2003

24. Potatoes. Area not harvested in 2003

25. Cereals. Area harvested as green fodder in 2003

26. Peas, rape/turnip rape and oil flax. Area harvested as green fodder in 2003

27. Cereals, peas and oilseed crops in 2003. The extent of the survey

28. Potatoes in 2003. The extent of the survey

29. Temporary grasses and grazings in 2003. The extent of the survey

 

List of terms

Antal UE

Number of survey units

Areal

Area

Betesvall

Temporary grazings

Blandsäd

Mixed grain

Första skörd

First cut

Grönfoder

Green fodder

Havre

Oats

Hektarskörd

Yield per hectare

Hela riket

The whole country

Höstkorn

Winter barley

Höstraps

Winter rape

Höstrybs

Winter turnip rape

Höstråg

Winter rye

Höstvete

Winter wheat

Län

County

Matpotatis

Table potatoes

Medelfel

Standard error

Medelvärde

Mean value

Obärgad areal

Area not harvested

Oljelin

Oil flax

Oljeväxter

Oilseed crops

Potatis för stärkelse

Potatoes for processing of starch

Produktionsområde

Production area

Rågvete

Triticale

Rötskadade

Blighted tubers

Slåttervall

Temporary grasses

Småfallande

Small tubers

Spannmål

Cereals

Standardtal

Standard value

Total skörd

Total production

Vårraps

Spring rape

Vårrybs

Spring turnip rape

Vårvete

Spring wheat

Återväxt

Regrowth

Ärter

Peas