|Skörd för ekologisk och konventionell odling 2005|
JO 16 SM 0602
| Första sidan - I korta drag
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This report provides final data for the year 2005 for organic and non-organic farming concerning yield per hectare and total production of cereal crops, dried pulses, oilseed crops, table potatoes and temporary grasses. The methods used for the crop products surveys for organic farming are the same as for the ordinary crop products surveys. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden. The production areas are shown in Map 1.
The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kg, total production in metric tons, crop areas, the share of the organic crop area compared to the total crop area, the quota of the yield from organic farming and the yield from non-organic farming. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare and total production.
Cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops
Total production for the whole country of cereal crops from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 224 600 tons. This is fully four per cent of the total production of cereals. From this quantity about 132 800 tons are also certificated and can as a result be sold as organic products.
The total production of oats from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 64 700 tons or about nine per cent of the total production of oats. The certified production of oats is 28 700 tons. Among the cereals, oats is the crop that shows the highest total production from the total area with subsidies for organic farming.
The yield per hectare is lower for the organic farming compared to the non-organic farming. The difference is greater for the flat country than for the wooded districts.
Total production of peas from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 11 400 tons, which is 17 per cent of the total production of peas.
The 2005 harvest of rape and turnip rape from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at about 4 500 tons, which is about two per cent of the total production of rape and turnip rape.
Statistics on crop yields for cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops have been based on an interview survey. For the first time in 2005, the farmers can also use Internet as a tool for data delivery to Statistics Sweden.
The sample of the 2005 survey for organic farming consists of 1 603 farmers out of about 8 700. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tons of the crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at the farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics has been calculated from data on areas with subsidies for organic farming. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.
The total production for table potatoes from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 10 800 tons. This is almost two per cent of the total production of table potatoes. The potato yield per hectare is almost half (39 per cent) for the organic farming compared to the non-organic farming.
The results are based on a mail survey with a sample of 200 out of about 970 holdings with table potatoes registered for organic farming subsidies.
The tables show the number of observations, the reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tons. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in a separate table. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare.
The total production of temporary grasses from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 968 200 tons, at 16.5 per cent moisture content. This is almost 25 per cent of the total production. The yield per hectare is about 67 per cent for the organic farming compared to the non-organic farming.
The results are based on a mail survey. The sample size is 525 holdings.
The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage, and includes re-growth. It does not cover temporary grazings or re-growth from temporary grasses that is grazed.