Statens Jordbruksverk
Sveriges officiella statistik - Statistiska meddelanden
Skörd av spannmål, trindsäd, oljeväxter, potatis och slåttervall 2019

JO 16 SM 2001

 

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In English

Summary
List of tables
List of terms

Summary

This report provides final data for 2019 on yield per hectare and total production of cereal crops, dried pulses, oilseed crops, annual plants harvested green, potatoes and temporary grasses. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden.

The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kilogram (kg), crop areas and total production in metric tonnes. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare, total production, unharvested areas and areas harvested as green fodder.

Cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops

The total production of cereal crops for the whole country is estimated at 6 147 700 tonnes. This is 89% more than in 2018 and 15% more than the average for the preceding five years.

The total production of winter wheat is estimated at 3 262 800 tonnes which is an increase of 29% compared with the five-year average.

The total production of peas is estimated at 69 300 tonnes, which is 42% more than the previous year. The total production of field beans (Vicia faba L.) is estimated at 60 200 tonnes.

The 2019 harvest of rape and turnip rape is estimated at 381 500 tonnes. This is 75% more than in 2018 and 23% more than the five-year average. The total production of oil flax is estimated at 4 300 tonnes.

Since 1998, statistics on crop yields for cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops have been based on an interview survey. Beginning in 2005, the farmers can also use the Internet as a tool for data delivery to Statistics Sweden.

The sample of the 2019 survey consists of 4 423 holdings. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tonnes of these crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at the farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics have been calculated from final statistics on usage of arable land. The figures on areas are based on data from the Swedish administrative database for agricultural subsidies, IACS. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded when it comes to areas for the production of grain. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.

Potatoes

The results are presented for table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch. The yield per hectare for table potatoes for the entire country is estimated at 32 980 kg and the total production is estimated at 537 000 tonnes. The corresponding figures on potatoes for processing of starch are 42 080 kg per hectare and 309 900 tonnes, respectively.

The results for 2019 are based on a survey with a sample of 690 holdings for table potatoes and a sample of 160 holdings for potatoes for processing starch. The areas are based on statistics from IACS.

Tables 22 and 23 show the number of observations, the total and reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tonnes. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in table 32. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes for table potatoes. The reduction for potatoes for processing of starch is made only for blighted potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values, derived from the objective potato surveys conducted until 1998. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare. The unharvested area 2019 was estimated at 1.2% for table potatoes and 0.0% for potatoes for processing of starch.

Temporary grasses

The total production of temporary grasses is estimated at 4 515 200 tonnes and the yield per hectare at 5 240 kg per hectare, at 0% moisture content. The results are presented in tables 2428.

The results are based on a sample of 1 270 holdings.

The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage including regrowth. It does not cover temporary grazings or regrowth from temporary grasses which are grazed.

 

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. Winter wheat. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

2. Spring wheat. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

3. Rye. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

4. Winter barley. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

5. Spring barley. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

6. Oats. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

7. Winter triticale. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

8. Spring triticale. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

9. Mixed grain. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

10. Grain maize. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

11. Cereals for the production of grain. Area and total production in 2019

12. Peas. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

13. Field beans. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

14. Winter rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

15. Spring rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

16. Winter turnip rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

17. Spring turnip rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

18. Oil flax. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

19. Cereals harvested green (excluding green maize). Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

20. Green maize. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

21. Other annual plants harvested green. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

22. Table potatoes. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

23. Potatoes for processing of starch. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

24. Temporary grasses. First cut. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2019

25. Temporary grasses. Regrowth. Yield per hectare and total production in 2019

26. Temporary grasses. Total production. Yield per hectare and total production in 2019

27. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2019, hectares

28. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2019, percent

29. Cereals. Area not harvested. Percent and hectares of the cultivated area in 2019

30. Peas and field beans. Area not harvested. Percent and hectares of the crop area in 2019

31. Oilseed crops. Area not harvested. Percent and hectares of the crop area in 2019

32. Potatoes. Area not harvested. Percent and hectares of the crop area in 2019

33. Cereals. Area harvested as green fodder
Percent and hectares of the final crop area from IACS (JO 10 SM 1902)

34. Peas and field beans. Area harvested as green fodder
Percent and hectares of the final crop area from IACS (Farm register)

35. Rape/turnip rape and oil flax. Area harvested as green fodder
Percent and hectares of the final crop area from IACS (JO 10 SM 1902)

36. Cereals, peas and dried pulses. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non-response in 2019

37. Potatoes. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non-response in 2019

38. Temporary grasses and grazings. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non-response in 2019

 

List of terms

Antal

Number

Areal

Area

Betesvall

Temporary grazings

Blandsäd

Mixed grain

Bortsortering

Grading losses

Ekologisk

Organic

Första skörd

First cut

Gröda

Crop

Grönfoder

Green fodder

Götalands mellanbygder

Central districts in Götaland

Götalands norra slättbygder

Plain districts in northern Götaland

Götalands skogsbygder

Forest districts in Götaland

Götalands södra slättbygder

Plain districts in southern Götaland

Havre

Oats

Hektar

Hectare

Hektarskörd

Yield per hectare

Hela riket

Sweden, the whole country

Höstkorn

Winter barley

Höstraps

Winter rape

Höstrybs

Winter turnip rape

Höstrågvete

Winter triticale

Höstvete

Winter wheat

Län

County

Majs

Grain maize

Majs till grönfoder

Green maize

Matpotatis

Table potatoes

Medelfel

Standard error

Medelvärde

Mean value

Mellersta Sveriges skogsbygder

Forest districts in central Sweden

Nedre Norrland

Lower parts of Norrland

Obärgad areal

Area not harvested

Oljelin

Oil flax

Oljeväxter

Oilseed crops

Potatis för stärkelse

Potatoes for processing of starch

Produktionsområde

Production area

Råg

Rye

Rötskadade

Blighted tubers

Slåttervall

Temporary grasses

Småfallande

Small tubers

Spannmål

Cereals

Standardtal

Standard value

Stråsädesgrödor till grönfoder

Cereals harvested green

Svealands slättbygder

Plain districts in Svealand

Total skörd

Total production

Trindsäd

Dried pulses

Vattenhalt

Moisture content

Vårraps

Spring rape

Vårrybs

Spring turnip rape

Vårrågvete

Spring triticale

Vårvete

Spring wheat

Åkerbönor

Field beans

Återväxt

Regrowth

Ärter

Peas

Övre Norrland

Upper parts of Norrland