|EAA - Ekonomisk kalkyl för jordbrukssektorn|
JO 45 SM 0301
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The production value in agriculture is estimated to have been much the same in 2002 as in 2001.
The total harvest of cereals in 2002 was was approximately the average of the last five years. The area under cultivation decreased by 4 % compared to 2001 but hectare yields increased somewhat and were higher than normal. However, there were differences between different kinds of cereals. The harvest of wheat and rye decreased, partly because the area decreased. Another reason for the decrease in wheat harvest was that autumn wheat (with high yields) was partly replaced by spring wheat because of the weather conditions during the autumn of 2001 (with late harvest and a lot of rain). The harvest of barley and oats on the other hand increased and so did the areas. Preliminary producer prices for the harvest of 2002 show a decrease.
For oilseeds both area and harvest increased by some 50 %. There was a strong price increase already in 2001 - and another small increase in 2002 - which explains the growing interest for these crops.
The potatoe harvest continued to decrease. The area under cultivation of potatoes decreased to. Producer prices have dropped during the autumn.
As for most crop products producer prices for animals have decreased, in particular for pigs after relatively high prices in 2001. Slaughter of both cattle and pigs is estimated to increase by 2 - 3 %.
Product subsidies for cattle increased as a result of another rise in premium levels. To a smaller extent the increase is an effect of the change in the the exchange rate between the Swedish crown and the euro.
The quantity of milk delivered to dairies decreased somewhat during 2002 and so did deliveries of eggs to wholesalers. Prices of both milk and eggs have increased somewhat.
Producer prices in agriculture as a whole have decreased somewhat. Prices of the means of agricultural production on the other hand have risen by approximately 1,5 % from 2001 to 2002 and the value of intermediate consumption is estimated to have increased. Factor income is expected to have decreased by 4 %.
During spring Eurostat will publish the second estimates of agricultural income in the member states in 2002. The development is usually measured by indicator A, i.e. the change of real agricultural factor income per annual work unit. On the assumption that labour input continues to fall (-4 %) and that the rise in the implicit price index of GDP is almost 2,5 %, indicator A will show a decrease by some 2,5 % for Sweden. However, the uncertain factors must be stressed.