|Antalet fruktträd 2012|
JO 33 SM 1301
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The Swedish cultivation of apples and pears exhibited a clear increase in 2012 compared with 2007. The number of apple trees increased by 31 % since 2007, while the number of pear trees increased by 27 % during the same period. The total number of apple trees amounted to 2 537 573 in 2012, spread over an area of 1 494.1 hectares. The number of pear trees was 268 246, on an area of 196.2 hectares. The apple- and pear plantations were mainly localized in the county of Skåne, where 88 and 81 % of the apple- and pear trees, respectively, could be found.
The most common varieties of apple were Ingrid Marie and Aroma, which made up 43 % of the total amount of apple trees in 2012. A change in variety composition does, however, appear to be underway. During the period 2008–2012 the number of trees from the varieties Rubinola and Frida increased sharply, and other varieties such as Santana, Sunrise, Gloster and Rubinstar did also exhibit marked increases.
The most common pear variety was Clara Frijs, which together with Carola made up 53 % of the total amount of Swedish pear trees in 2012. In parallel to the situation for apples, the varietal composition appears to be changing for pears. Between 2008 and 2012, the most commonly planted variety was Alexander Lukas, while Herzogin Elsa also exhibited a clear increase. In contrast, the varieties Clara Frijs, Carola and Conference displayed marked decreases in the amount of trees planted during 2008–2012, compared with the previous five-year period.