Statens Jordbruksverk
Sveriges officiella statistik - Statistiska meddelanden
Skörd av spannmål, trindsäd, oljeväxter, potatis och slåttervall 2004

JO 16 SM 0501

 

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In English

Summary
List of tables
List of terms

Summary

This report provides final data for the year 2004 for yield per hectare and total production of cereal crops, dried pulses, oilseed crops, potatoes and temporary grasses. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden.

The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kg, total production in metric tons and crop areas. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare and total production.

Cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops

Total production of cereal crops for the whole country is estimated at 5 507 800 tons. This is four per cent more than 2003 and four per cent more than the average for the previous five years.

The total production of winter wheat is estimated at 2 159 400 tons. This is equivalent to 39 per cent of the total production of cereal crops.

Total production of peas is estimated at 88 000 tons, which is about 11 per cent higher than the previous year. Field beans (Vicia faba L.) is included in the crop yield survey for the first time in 2004. The total production of field beans is estimated at 12 400 tons.

The 2004 harvest of rape and turnip rape is estimated at 227 500 tons. Compared to the previous year, this is an increase of 76 per cent. This dramatic rise is explained by both higher yields per hectare and increased cultivation of rape and turnip rape. The total production of oil flax is estimated at 11 600 tons.

Since 1998, statistics on crop yields for cereals, peas and oilseed crops have been based entirely on an interview survey. The sample of the 2004 survey consists of about 4 350 farmers. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tons of the crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at the farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics has been calculated from final data on usage of arable land. The figures on areas are mainly based on data from the Swedish administrative database for agricultural subsidies, IACS. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.

Potatoes

The results are presented for table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch. For the whole country, the yield per hectare for table potatoes is esti­mated at 27 610 kg and the total production is estimated at 635 000 tons. The corresponding figures for potatoes for processing of starch are 39 720 kg and 344 000 tons, respectively.

The results for 2004 are based on a mail survey with a sample of 1 300 holdings for table potatoes and a sample of 190 holdings for potatoes for processing starch. The areas are based on statistics from IACS.

The tables 16 and 17 show the number of observations, the total and reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tons. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in table 26. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes for table potatoes. The reduction for potatoes for processing of starch is made only for blighted potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values, derived from the objective potato surveys conducted until 1998. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare. The unharvested area 2004 was estimated at 2.3 per cent for table potatoes and 0.7 per cent for potatoes for processing of starch.

Since 1960, Statistics Sweden has produced statistics for potatoes using an objective method based on probability sampling and physical measurements with samples taken from the fields. The method was changed 1999 to mail enquiries to a sample of farmers. Due to the changes, all comparisons with years before 1999 should be made with great caution.

Temporary grasses

The total production of temporary grasses is estimated at 3 784 200 tons and the yield per hectare at 5 010 kg per hectare, at 16.5 per cent moisture content. The results are presented in tables 18-21.

Between 1993-2001 there have been no official Swedish statistics for yields from temporary grasses. Starting 2002, a mail enquiry with follow-up by telephone is performed yearly. The results for 2004 are based on a sample of 1 000 holdings.

The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage including re-growth. It does not cover temporary grazings or re-growth from temporary grasses which is grazed.

 

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. Winter wheat. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

2. Spring wheat. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

3. Winter rye. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

4. Winter barley. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

5. Spring barley. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

6. Oats. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

7. Triticale. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

8. Mixed grain. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

9. Peas. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

10. Field beans. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

11. Winter rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

12. Spring rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

13. Winter turnip rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

14. Spring turnip rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

15. Oil flax. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

16. Table potatoes. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

17. Potatoes for processing of starch. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

18. Temporary grasses. First cut. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2004

19. Temporary grasses. Regrowth and total production. Yield per hectare and total production in 2004

20. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2004, hectares

21. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2004, per cent

22. Cereals. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the crop area in 2004

23. Peas and field beans. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the crop area in 2004

24. Winter rape, spring rape and winter turnip rape. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the crop area in 2004

25. Spring turnip rape, rape/turnip rape and oil flax. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the crop area in 2004

26. Potatoes. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the cultivated area in 2004

27. Cereals. Area harvested as green fodder. Hectares and per cent of the final crop area from IACS in 2004

28. Peas and field beans. Area harvested as green fodder. Hectares and per cent of the final crop area from IACS in 2004

29. Rape/turnip rape and oil flax. Area harvested as green fodder. Hectares and per cent of the final crop area from IACS in 2004

30. Cereals, peas and oilseed crops. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non response in 2004

31. Potatoes. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non response in 2004

32. Temporary grasses and grazings. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non response in 2004

List of terms

Areal

Area

Betesvall

Temporary grazings

Blandsäd

Mixed grain

Första skörd

First cut

Grönfoder

Green fodder

Havre

Oats

Hektarskörd

Yield per hectare

Hela riket

The whole country

Höstkorn

Winter barley

Höstraps

Winter rape

Höstrybs

Winter turnip rape

Höstråg

Winter rye

Höstvete

Winter wheat

Län

County

Matpotatis

Table potatoes

Medelfel

Standard error

Medelvärde

Mean value

Obärgad areal

Area not harvested

Oljelin

Oil flax

Oljeväxter

Oilseed crops

Potatis för stärkelse

Potatoes for processing of starch

Produktionsområde

Production area

Rågvete

Triticale

Rötskadade

Blighted tubers

Slåttervall

Temporary grasses

Småfallande

Small tubers

Spannmål

Cereals

Standardtal

Standard value

Total skörd

Total production

Trindsäd

Dried pulses

Vårraps

Spring rape

Vårrybs

Spring turnip rape

Vårvete

Spring wheat

Åkerbönor

Field beans

Återväxt

Regrowth

Ärter

Peas