|Skörd av spannmål, trindsäd, oljeväxter, potatis och slåttervall 2005|
JO 16 SM 0601
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This report provides final data for the year 2005 for yield per hectare and total production of cereal crops, dried pulses, oilseed crops, potatoes and temporary grasses. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden.
The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kg, crop areas and total production in metric tons. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare and total production.
Cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops
Total production of cereal crops for the whole country is estimated at 5 050 600 tons. This is eight per cent less than 2004 and seven per cent less than the average for the previous five years.
The total production of winter wheat is estimated at 1 957 000 tons. This is equivalent to 39 per cent of the total production of cereal crops.
Total production of peas is estimated at 65 400 tons, which is 26 per cent less than the previous year. The total production of field beans (Vicia faba L.) is estimated at 14 900 tons.
The 2005 harvest of rape and turnip rape is estimated at 198 200 tons. Compared to the previous year, this is a drop of 13 per cent. The total production of oil flax is estimated at 15 700 tons.
Since 1998, statistics on crop yields for cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops have been based on an interview survey. For the first time in 2005, the farmers can also use Internet as a tool for data delivery to Statistics Sweden.
The sample of the 2005 survey consists of 4 350 farmers. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tons of these crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at the farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics has been calculated from final data on usage of arable land. The figures on areas are mainly based on data from the Swedish administrative database for agricultural subsidies, IACS. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.
The results are presented for table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch. For the whole country, the yield per hectare for table potatoes is estimated at 28 200 kg and the total production is estimated at 622 000 tons. The corresponding figures for potatoes for processing of starch are 38 770 kg and 325 000 tons, respectively.
The results for 2005 are based on a mail survey with a sample of 1 240 holdings for table potatoes and a sample of 186 holdings for potatoes for processing starch. The areas are based on statistics from IACS.
The tables 16 and 17 show the number of observations, the total and reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tons. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in table 26. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes for table potatoes. The reduction for potatoes for processing of starch is made only for blighted potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values, derived from the objective potato surveys conducted until 1998. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare. The unharvested area 2005 was estimated at 1.2 per cent for table potatoes and 0.0 per cent for potatoes for processing of starch.
Since 1960, Statistics Sweden has produced statistics for potatoes using an objective method based on probability sampling and physical measurements with samples taken from the fields. The method was changed 1999 to mail enquiries to a sample of farmers. Due to the changes, all comparisons with years before 1999 should be made with great caution.
The total production of temporary grasses is estimated at 3 895 400 tons and the yield per hectare at 4 850 kg per hectare, at 16.5 per cent moisture content. The results are presented in tables 18-21.
Between 1993-2001 there have been no official Swedish statistics for yields from temporary grasses. Starting 2002, a mail enquiry with follow-up by telephone is performed yearly. The results for 2005 are based on a sample of 1 000 holdings.
The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage including re-growth. It does not cover temporary grazings or re-growth from temporary grasses which are grazed.