Statens Jordbruksverk
Sveriges officiella statistik - Statistiska meddelanden
Skörd av spannmål, trindsäd, oljeväxter, potatis och slåttervall 2006

JO 16 SM 0701

 

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Summary
List of tables

Summary

This report provides final data for the year 2006 for yield per hectare and total production of cereal crops, dried pulses, oilseed crops, potatoes and temporary grasses. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden.

The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kg, crop areas and total production in metric tonnes. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare and total production.

Cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops

Total production of cereal crops for the whole country is estimated at 4 128 400 tonnes. This is 18 per cent less than 2005 and 22 per cent less than the average for the previous five years.

The total production of winter wheat is estimated at 1 795 200 tonnes. This is equivalent to 43 per cent of the total production of cereal crops.

Total production of peas is estimated at 50 800 tonnes, which is 22 per cent less than the previous year. The total production of field beans (Vicia faba L.) is estimated at 13 000 tonnes.

The 2006 harvest of rape and turnip rape is estimated at 220 400 tonnes. Compared to the previous year, this is an increase by 11 per cent. The total production of oil flax is estimated at 11 900 tonnes.

Since 1998, statistics on crop yields for cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops have been based on an interview survey. For the first time in 2005, the farmers can also use Internet as a tool for data delivery to Statistics Sweden.

The sample of the 2006 survey consists of 4 360 farmers. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tonnes of these crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at the farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics has been calculated from final statistics on usage of arable land. The figures on areas are mainly based on data from the Swedish administrative database for agricultural subsidies, IACS. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.

Potatoes

The results are presented for table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch. For the whole country, the yield per hectare for table potatoes is esti­mated at 25 990 kg and the total production is estimated at 525 300 tonnes. The corresponding figures for potatoes for processing of starch are 31 690 kg and 252 000 tonnes, respectively.

The results for 2006 are based on a survey with a sample of 1 177 holdings for table potatoes and a sample of 174 holdings for potatoes for processing starch. Data collection is made by telephone interviews and by Internet. The areas are based on statistics from IACS.

The tables 16 and 17 show the number of observations, the total and reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tonnes. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in table 26. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes for table potatoes. The reduction for potatoes for processing of starch is made only for blighted potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values, derived from the objective potato surveys conducted until 1998. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare. The unharvested area 2006 was estimated at 1.4 per cent for table potatoes and 2.2 per cent for potatoes for processing of starch.

Since 1960, Statistics Sweden has produced statistics for potatoes using an objective method based on probability sampling and physical measurements with samples taken from the fields. The method was changed 1999 to mail enquiries to a sample of farmers. Due to the changes, all comparisons with years before 1999 should be made with great caution.

Temporary grasses

The total production of temporary grasses is estimated at 3 633 000 tonnes and the yield per hectare at 4 450 kg per hectare, at 16.5 per cent moisture content. The results are presented in tables 18-21.

Between 1993-2001 there have been no official Swedish statistics for yields from temporary grasses. Starting 2002, a mail enquiry with follow-up by telephone is performed yearly. The results for 2006 are based on a sample of 1 000 holdings.

The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage including re-growth. It does not cover temporary grazings or re-growth from temporary grasses which are grazed.

 

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. Winter wheat. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

2. Spring wheat. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

3. Winter rye. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

4. Winter barley. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

5. Spring barley. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

6. Oats. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

7. Triticale. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

8. Mixed grain. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

9. Peas. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

10. Field beans. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

11. Winter rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

12. Spring rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

13. Winter turnip rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

14. Spring turnip rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

15. Oil flax. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

16. Table potatoes. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

17. Potatoes for processing of starch. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

18. Temporary grasses. First cut. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2006

19. Temporary grasses. Regrowth and total production. Yield per hectare and total production in 2006

20. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2006, hectares

21. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2006, per cent

22. Cereals. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the crop area in 2006

23. Peas and field beans. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the crop area in 2006

24. Winter rape, spring rape and winter turnip rape. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the crop area in 2006

25. Spring turnip rape, rape/turnip rape and oil flax. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the crop area in 2006

26. Potatoes. Area not harvested. Hectares and per cent of the cultivated area in 2006

27. Cereals. Area harvested as green fodder

28. Peas and field beans. Area harvested as green fodder

29. Rape/turnip rape and oil flax. Area harvested as green fodder

30. Cereals, peas and oilseed crops. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non response in 2006

31. Potatoes. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non response in 2006

32. Temporary grasses and grazings. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non response in 2006

List of terms

Areal

Area

Betesvall

Temporary grazings

Blandsäd

Mixed grain

Bortsortering

Grading losses

Första skörd

First cut

Grönfoder

Green fodder

Havre

Oats

Hektarskörd

Yield per hectare

Hela riket

The whole country

Höstkorn

Winter barley

Höstraps

Winter rape

Höstrybs

Winter turnip rape

Höstråg

Winter rye

Höstvete

Winter wheat

Län

County

Matpotatis

Table potatoes

Medelfel

Standard error

Medelvärde

Mean value

Obärgad areal

Area not harvested

Oljelin

Oil flax

Oljeväxter

Oilseed crops

Potatis för stärkelse

Potatoes for processing of starch

Produktionsområde

Production area

Rågvete

Triticale

Rötskadade

Blighted tubers

Slåttervall

Temporary grasses

Småfallande

Small tubers

Spannmål

Cereals

Standardtal

Standard value

Total skörd

Total production

Trindsäd

Dried pulses

Vårraps

Spring rape

Vårrybs

Spring turnip rape

Vårvete

Spring wheat

Åkerbönor

Field beans

Återväxt

Regrowth

Ärter

Peas