|Skördeprognos för spannmål och oljeväxter 2014|
JO 29 SM 1401
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Crop production forecast for cereals and oilseed crops in 2014
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This report provides forecasts concerning the yields per hectare and total production of cereals and oilseed crops for the year 2014. The results are presented at the national level.
Yield per hectare
The yields per hectare are estimated to increase for half of the cereal crops compared with 2013. One of the crops with the highest expected increase in yield compared with 2013 is Winter wheat (+15 %). The yields from most of the crops are expected to increase compared with the average yields per hectare for the last five years as well.
The yields per hectare for oilseed crops are estimated to mostly increase compared with 2013. Only the yield of Spring rape (-5 %) is expected to decrease compared with the previous year. Compared with the average yield per hectare for the last five years, the yields of Spring rape are estimated to decrease.
The forecast shows that the total production of cereals is estimated to be 5.6 million tonnes in 2014, which is about 13 % more than 2013 and 17 % more than the average for the years 2009–2013. The major reasons for the higher total production of cereals estimated for 2014 are increased area cultivated with Winter wheat as well as a higher yield per hectare of Winter wheat.
This year’s harvest of oilseeds is estimated to be 0.3 million tonnes, which is about 8 % less than 2013. Compared with the average total production of oilseeds for the last five years, the estimation of the production in 2014 is about 2 % higher. The area cultivated with oilseeds 2014 decreases by 23 % compared with the harvested area in 2013 and yield per hectare decreases for Spring rape and increases for Winter rape compared with 2013.
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